Ageing can deteriorate our general and dental health. Ageing can make teeth brittle that can easily chip or crack. Decay adds to the problem to cause further deterioration. Gum infection also causes loss of bone to loosen teeth, leading to tooth loss. Trauma adds to the list. When teeth are lost or extracted, an individual loses his ability to chew food efficiently, has difficulty in speech and notices change in facial appearance. A denture may have to be fitted to maintain normal chewing, speech and facial appearance.
Health Precinct embraces the latest technology to make your denture appear natural and fit better than ever before. A denture is also called a prosthesis.
When a few teeth are missing, a partial denture is custom made to fill the gaps of missing teeth. To hold the partial denture in position, clasps and rests are used to secure the denture to adjacent natural teeth.
Partial dentures can be made of plastic or cast metal frame. A plastic partial denture is bulky and can distort with time. They are usually recommended for short term use only.
Flexible dentures are the latest plastic dentures that are indicated for front teeth replacement when clasp positioning is aesthetically critical. Flexible dentures are basically for looks only and cannot be used efficiently for biting/ chewing food.
CAST ALLOY DENTURES
A cast partial denture is made of a metal frame that is stronger and sleeker. The material per-se is robust and does not distort. Cast partial dentures are meant to last a lot longer. Patients with cast partial dentures have a better perception of food temperature and taste too.
A complete denture, also known as ‘Falsies’, is made when all natural teeth are missing. Complete dentures helps patients through:
Overdentures are complete dentures that fits:
Immediate dentures are dentures that are made prior to extraction of teeth. Once the patient is happy with the appearance of the denture, the patient’s mouth is cleared of all teeth and the denture is inserted immediately. The advantage is that the patient avoids a period without teeth. However, immediate dentures do not fit well for a long time as the patients’ jaw bone remodels immediately after extraction. Immediate dentures usually needs remodelling/ rebasing in the first 6-9 months. Usually patients choose to opt for a new set of dentures in the first year.
The process of fabricating a denture begins with an initial dental impression of your upper and lower jaws. The initial impression is used to create a simple stone model that represents the maxillary and mandibular arches of the patient’s mouth. Once the initial impression is taken, the stone model is used to create a ‘Custom Impression Tray’ which is used to take a second and much more detailed and accurate impression of the patient’s maxillary and mandibular ridges. Polyvinylsiloxane impression material is one of several very accurate impression materials used for the final impression. A wax rim is fabricated to assist us in establishing the vertical dimension of occlusion. After this, a bite registration is created to marry the position of one arch to the other.
Once the relative position of each arch to the other is known, our technician positions selected denture teeth in wax. This wax denture is tested in the mouth so that adjustments can be made to improve looks and bite. Once all aesthetic, functional and phonetic requirements are met, the denture is processed.
Over the first few days:
Problems with dentures
Patients are not used to having objects (dentures) in their mouth that is not food. The brain senses dentures as food and sends messages to salivary glands to produce more saliva. This usually happens in the first 12-24 hours, after which the salivary glands return to normal output. New dentures can also cause soreness due to compression on the gums. Minor denture adjustments can solve this problem.
A few patients experience gagging on denture wear. There can be two reasons for gagging.
Oral hygiene is very critical in patients wearing dentures as they are susceptible to infections due to plaque accumulation under the dentures. Another important consideration for denture wearers is the loss of taste sensation as the denture covers most of the palate.
After some time, the denture may feel loose and awkward. We can assist you adjusting the fit. Please note that several adjustments may be required before the final satisfactory fit. Loose dentures can cause ulcers of the gums that are painful and may get infections. Do not try to adjust your own dentures, as it has been made to fit your mouth. Home repairs can do more harm than help!
We at Health Precinct take time to listen to your expectations and explain the cleaning and maintenance of your dentures. We also take time to explain about eating, speech and hygiene issues.