TREATMENT OF GUM DISEASES – PERIODONTITIS
Periodontal disease is the inflammation of the gums caused by plaque. Plaque is a thick band of sticky bacterial film that builds up on teeth. Plaque can harden to form calculus/tartar. Plaque and calculus are caused due to poor oral hygiene or inadequate professional cleaning.
You may feel:
Most of the time, gum diseases are completely symptomless and pain less. Often, your dentist would be the person diagnosing your gum disease. It is important for you to have regular dental check-ups to avoid/prevent and treat gum diseases at the earliest.
Early stages of gum disease is called Gingivitis – inflammation of the gums. Gingivitis can usually be treated successfully by removal of plaque/calculus, followed by thorough gentle cleaning (that is regular brushing and flossing). The advanced stage of gum infection is called Periodontitis. Periodontitis can cause serious damage to the teeth, gums and bones that surround it. As the gum infection gets worse, pockets form between the gums and teeth. The gum may recede from teeth. As a result, the teeth become loose, fall out or require extraction by a dentist. Gum diseases are also known to cause certain ill-effects on your general health like decreased conception rate in females, increased risk of heart diseases and pancreatic diseases.
The purpose of periodontal treatment is to stop or slow down the progression of gum disease. Your mouth feels, looks and becomes healthier. Teeth should feel smooth and look clean. Gum treatment intends to increase the longevity of your teeth, giving you a better chance of keeping them for life. Gum treatments have also been known to improve your quality of life and well-being.
Here at Health Precinct, after examining your gums, teeth and fillings, we will discuss the need for gum treatment. Treatment may be performed by us or where appropriate referred to a specialist – Periodontist. Treatment may involve the following:
If the gums have not healed well and still have signs of infection, you may need to take a course of antibiotics and in severe cases periodontal surgery may be required. If gum infection is untreated, the disease may get worse, leading to tooth loss. Talk to dentist at Health Precinct on 07 4788 0111 to discuss gum treatment and tooth replacement options.
We are trained to perform cosmetic dental procedures to improve your smile. Gingivectomy is the removal of gum tissue (gingiva) by surgery. Gingivoplasty is a type of gum surgery used to reshape healthy gum tissue around teeth.
Gingivectomy is more commonly used to remove overgrown gum tissue and improve the appearance of gums. Gum tissue may need to be removed for two reasons:
Gingivoplasty often is done simply to make gums look better. They may have an unusual shape or may not be formed normally. The causes can include a person’s genes, disease or trauma. Gingivoplasty reshapes the gums to make them look more natural. It often is done alone, but can be done during or after a gingivectomy. Gingivoplasty also can be done along with a gum graft. This type of surgery adds tissue to the gum line. The procedure is done in the chair under local anaesthesia. It usually takes around 7-10 days for healing and you will be reviewed by us appropriately.
When a tooth needs a crown and has minimal tooth structure to use, gums can be trimmed by a couple millimetres to create length for a new crown. Talk to the dentist at Health Precinct about the procedure.
DEPIGMENTATION/ BLEACHING of GUMS
Gum depigmentation (aka gum bleaching) is a procedure used in cosmetic dentistry to remove black spots or patches on the gums caused by excessive melanin. The normal color of the gum tissue (gingiva) is pink, but excess deposits of melanin (melanin gingival hyperpigmentation) can create what seem to be black spots or patches on the gums, creating an aesthetic or cosmetic problem. Discolouration may also be caused by long term use of certain medications. A clinical assessment is carried out to customize the treatment to the patients’ needs, and the procedure itself can involve surgical ablation techniques.